Kindergarten Overview

Language Arts in Kindergarten
In Kindergarten, the key goal is to have all children beginning to read and write on their own by the end of the year.  In order to become successful readers, children need to learn to connect letters and sounds and decode words, but they also need to build an oral vocabulary adequate to understand the words they are decoding.  Oral language skills, such as listening and speaking, are necessary prerequisites for written language skills like reading and writing.  
Throughout Kindergarten, students will work on the key elements important to any program of reading:
  • oral language and vocabulary skills,
  • book and print awareness,
  • phonemic awareness,
  • decoding and encoding, and
  • comprehension, and writing and spelling.

World History and Geography in Kindergarten 
The World History and Geography Sequence in Kindergarten provides the building blocks for a more complex understanding of history and geography in the later grades.  Students will begin by developing an awareness of the physical properties as well as a sense of human interactions with their environment, the relationship between place and culture, and awareness of regions and culture. 
Mathematics in Kindergarten
Research shows that all children have some inborn mathematical sense.  Kindergarten is an opportunity to begin building upon this innate mathematical sense to establish a solid foundation for continued learning.  Important to this goal is learning mathematical vocabulary as well as comparative vocabulary.
Science in Kindergarten
In Kindergarten, children will begin to explore science by observing and learning about things they encounter in their immediate environment.  They will study:  plants and animals, the human body and senses, matter and forces, patterns in nature through weather and seasons, and conservation.
Music in Kindergarten
Children will explore all forms of music participation (listening, singing, performing, moving to it, and improvising) and, in the process, begin to notice the musical concepts that unite them.  In Kindergarten, the focus of their attention is on the elements of rhythm and melody.
The Visual Arts in Kindergarten
The visual arts in Kindergarten are composed of the most important elements of art: color and line.  Students will examine warm and cool colors as well as the differences in lines in art.  Lines in art can be visible barriers or invisible created when two colors meet.  Students will examine the movement and direction in curvy, wavy, or zigzag lines.
*This and additional information on the Kindergarten curriculum can be found in What Every Kindergartner Needs to Know edited by  E.D. Hirsch Jr. and Core Knowledge Teacher Handbook edited by E. D. Hirsch and Souzanne Wright.